Population: 81.8 million
Egypt does not need much of an introduction. Just the pyramids, the Nile and stories of Pharoahs, tombs and ancient civilisations alone have captured people's imaginations for decades making Egypt a must on everyone's to do list.
Egypt is bordered by the Mediterranean, the Red Sea, Sudan and Libya.
Cairo, Egypt's capital, is where you will find the majority of Egypt's population. Because of this, you will notice that it is very busy, bustling city which is often described as slightly chaotic! Cairo is home to the incredible Giza Pyramids, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.
Even if you aren't a history buff, it is hard not to get caught up in Egypt's incredible history, especially with pyramids and temples as proof of a past life. However, fear not, Egypt offers plenty more with beaches, incredible diving in the Red Sea, sailing, trekking, camel riding and much more.
Egypt's climate is hot and dry, and this is quite consistent throughout the whole country for the year. In the winter months of December, January and February, the weather can be quite cold in the North. Temperatures can reach 50C in the height of summer, so you always need to be prepared with your water, hat and sunscreen!
Egypt used to be all about the pyramids, but there is so much more to Egypt. You can go cruising down the Nile on a felucca, go camel riding or driving through the expansive Sahara Desert, go diving in the Red Sea, or relax on some of Egypt's stunning white sand beaches.
Public transport is not widely used. Taxis are commonly used as well as the Nile ferry. There are nice air conditioned buses, but with questionable reliability. So private cars are the most common form of transport, and with a majority of the population being based in Cairo, it doesn't take long for the first traffic jam to occur in the morning and for the air to be filled with car horns of people trying to get people on the move. But that is all part of the fun of being in Cairo.
Eating and Drinking
Bread is a main staple in Egypt, as well as vegetables. Meat is considered very expensive, so many traditional dishes are vegetable based with a lot of herbs and spices for flavouring. However on the coast of Egypt, you will find seafood becomes more predominant as it becomes more plentiful.
The currency in Egypt is the Egyptian pound or EGP.